Deed Books, 1749-1912
Description: A deed is the conveyance of realty. It legally transfers the title of realty from one to another. For the first land transfer a warrant needed to be issued in order to have a survey done. After the survey was complete the land could then be patented. This was issued from the Penns or the Commonwealth and was the first clear title to a piece of property. After a property was patented it was then transferred at the county level through deeds. Warrant and patent records are held at the Pennsylvania State Archives.
Content: A deed contains the names of the grantor (seller) and grantee (buyer), amount paid and a description of the land's boundaries. In most cases it will NOT specifically mention a house, describe it or give a street address. In many cases the deed will list the previous owners and may reference their deed. The following records are also found in deed books; adjudications, articles of separation, discharge of slaves, marriage contracts, mortgages (prior to 1842), ore leases, power of attorneys, releases, right of ways and soldiers discharges.
Grantee / Grantor Indexes, 1749-1912.
Content: The indexes list the grantee, grantor, book, page, date and location.
Glossary of Terms
admr - administrator
al - and others
application - request for a warrant to have a survey made
est - estate
gdn - guardian
grantee - buyer
grantor - seller
messuage - dwelling-house with the adjacent buildings
patent - final, official deed from the Penns or the Commonwealth, which conveys clear title and all rights to the private owner
perch- a measure of land containing five yards and a half, or sixteen feet and a half in length; otherwise called a "rod" or "pole".
survey - sketch of boundaries of tract of land with exact determination of total acreage.
ux - and wife
vir- and husband
warrant - certificate authorizing a survey of a tract of land; initiates title of a property and provides the basis for legal settlement, but does not convey all rights to the property